AMONG the methods of torture preferred by Saddam and his henchmen, according to the Home Office dossier, are:
--Eye gouging - when the relatives of an executed Kurdish businessman retrieved his body, his eyes had been gouged out and the sockets stuffed with paper.
--Ripping out of tongues - reserved for those who utter abusive remarks about the Iraqi president or his family.
--Piercing hands with an electric drill - a common form of punishment for political detainees.
--Suspension from the ceiling - victims are blindfolded and, with their arms behind their backs, are suspended by their wrists;
--Falaqa - victims are beaten on the soles of their feet with a cable and often lose consciousness.
--Electric shock - shocks are applied to various parts of the body, including the genitals and tongue.
--Acid bath - victims are hung by the wrists and gradually lowered into the acid.
Other methods include: rape, sexual abuse, amputation, extracting fingernails and mock executions.